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Beasley, D. G., Beard, J., Stanfield, J. W., & Roberts, L. K. (1996). Evaluation of an economical sunlamp that emits a near solar uv power spectrum for conducting photoimmunological and sunscreen immune protection studies. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 64(2), 303–309. 
Added by: Sarina (2008-12-16 20:27:07)   Last edited by: Sarina (2009-04-06 14:03:13)
Resource type: Journal Article
DOI: 10.1111/j.1751-1097.1996.tb02462.x
BibTeX citation key: Beasley1996
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Categories: Englisch = English
Keywords: Lampen = Lamps, Ultraviolett = Ultraviolet
Creators: Beard, Beasley, Roberts, Stanfield
Collection: Photochemistry and Photobiology
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Expense and inconvenience have restricted the use of the filtered xenon are lamp (solar simulator) as a UV source for conducting large-scale animal studies. Because sunscreen immunoprotective levels are significantly affected by the UV power spectrum of the source it is imperative that a solar simulating source be used for accurate measurements of sunscreen protection levels that are relevant to human LV exposures from sunlight. However, relatively inexpensive sunlamps, e.g. the UVA-340, that emit a UV power spectrum similar to that of a solar simulator are available. Unlike FS-type UVB sunlamps, which have a significant amount of effective immunosuppressive non-solar UV energy at wavelengths below 295 nm, the immunosuppression effectiveness spectrum of UVA-340 sunlamps was nearly identical to that of a solar simulator. The purpose of this study was to evaluate this sunlamp for conducting photoimmunological and sunscreen immune protection studies. Groups of C3H mice were exposed to a range of UVA-340 sunlamp doses (0.25 kJ/m2 to 20.0 kJ/m2) to establish a dose-response curve and determine the minimum immune suppression dose (MISD) for iduction of local-type suppression of contact hypersensitivity (CH). The MISD, defined as the lowest UV dose given to produce approximately 50% suppression of the CH response in mice, was determined to be 1.0 kJ/m2 for UVA-340 sunlamps. Immune protection tests on four marketed sunscreen lotions (sun protection factors 4, 8, 15 and 30) were then conducted with UVA-340 sunlamps using MISD as the endpoint. The immune protection factors for these sunscreens were equivalent to the level of protection predicted by their labeled SPF. These results are similar to those we have previously obtained using a solar simulator. We conclude from these data that the immunosuppressive effects of UVA-340 sunlamps are similar to those of a solar simulator; however, further studies are needed to determine if UVA-340, or similar, sunlamps are a viable alternative to the solar simulator for conducting large-scale animal experiments that require a relevant UV solar spectrum.
Added by: Sarina  Last edited by: Sarina
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