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Hailman, J. P. (1976). Oildroplets in the eyes of adult anuran amphibians: A comparative survey. Journal of Morphology, 148(4), 453–468. 
Added by: Sarina (2020-07-01 08:21:20)   
Resource type: Journal Article
DOI: 10.1002/jmor.1051480404
BibTeX citation key: Hailman1976
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Categories: Englisch = English
Creators: Hailman
Collection: Journal of Morphology
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Abstract Oildroplets in the eyes of terrestrial vertebrates are spherical cellular organelles that stain for lipids, have no discernible internal structure, and often contain carotnoids and possibly other chemicals. A survey of 97 species of anuran amphibians (frogs and toads) revealed that all speccies of 16 families surveyed possessed yellow oildroplets of varying size in the cells of the pigment epithelium, except for three species that appear to have secondarily lost them during evolution. Furtbermore, 25 species of six families also possess colorless oildroplets at the distal end of the inner segments of single cones and principal cones of the double-cone system; two species of the Ranidae appear to have secondarily lost such retinal oildroplets. Every species possesses epithelial or retinal oildroplets or both. Lastly, small oildroplet-like inclusions were discovered in the red blood cells of two species. All of Walls' ('42) summary generalizations about anuran oildroplets are incorrect: oildroplets are not restricted to the Ranidae, are not yellow when found in the cones, and do not correlate with phototactic behavior in 87 species. Evidence is reviewed suggesting that the primary function of anuran oildroplets is chemical storage, perhaps related to the visual pigment cycle. Oildroplets in the cones may additionally act as filters of ultraviolet radiation.
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