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Morris, D. P., Zagarese, H., Williamson, C. E., Balseiro, E. G., Hargreaves, B. R., Modenutti, B., Moeller, R. & Queimalinos, C. (1995) The attenuation of solar UV radiation in lakes and the role of dissolved organic carbon. Limnology and Oceanography, 40 1381–1391. 
Resource type: Journal Article
DOI: 10.4319/lo.1995.40.8.1381
BibTeX citation key: Morris1995
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Categories: Englisch = English
Keywords: Sonne = Sun, Spektrum = Spectrum, UVBreitband = UVBroadband
Creators: Balseiro, Hargreaves, Modenutti, Moeller, Morris, Queimalinos, Williamson, Zagarese
Collection: Limnology and Oceanography
Abstract
Diffuse attenuation coefficients (&) for solar UV radiation (UVR) (305, 320, 340, 380 nm, and PAR) were measured in the mixed layer of 65 lake sites in Alaska, Colorado, and Pennsylvania and the Bariloche region of Argentina. Integrated mixed layer samples of lake water were concurrently collected, and a multivariate approach was used to model Kd with a number of optical and chemical variables. Substantial variation in transparency was observed among lakes. Attenuation depths (zlYO) for UV-B radiation ranged from several centimeters to > 10 m. In some shallow, low DOC (dissolved organic C) lakes typical of high elevation ecosystems, substantial fluxes of UVR penetrated the entire water column. In deeper lakes with low DOC concentrations, high fluxes of UVR were found in a significant proportion of the mixed layer. Much of the among-lake variation in & (87-96%) was explained by differences in DOC concentration, which strongly influenced dissolved absorbance. On average, dissolved absorbance accounted for between 33% (for PAR) and 68% (for 305 nm) of Kd measured in situ. Throughout the solar UV-A and UV-B range, Kd was best estimated with a univariate power model based solely on DOC concentration. Models are also presented that relate absorption coefficients to Kd. These models can be used with archival DOC or color data to provide approximate estimates of UV transparency of lakes.
  
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