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Ramachandran, A. V. & Ndukuba, P. I. (1988) Preliminary Evidence for Pineal-Mediated Extraretinal Photoreception in Relation to Tail Regeneration in the Gekkonid Lizard, Hemidactylus flaviviridis. Journal of Pineal Research, 6 121–134. 
Added by: Sarina (08 Jan 2010 22:47:09 UTC)   
Resource type: Journal Article
DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-079X.1989.tb00409.x
BibTeX citation key: Ramachandran1988
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Categories: Englisch = English
Keywords: Echsen = Lizards, Parietalorgan = Parietal Organ
Creators: Ndukuba, Ramachandran
Collection: Journal of Pineal Research
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The tail of the Gekkonid lizard Hemidactylus flaviviridis was autotomized and the animals were subjected to eight different photoperiodic schedules during the process of tail regeneration. Our previous observation had shown that long-day photoperiods stimulate the regeneration process, whereas short-day photoperiods depress it. Furthermore, it has also been demonstrated that the lateral eyes, or retinae, do not participate in photoperiodically significant photoreception in H, flaviviridis, as blinded Hemidactylus regenerated their autotomized tails like their sighted counterparts exposed to similar experimental photoregimes. In a further attempt to localize the site(s) of photoreception in these animals, one group of lizards had their heads painted with a mixture of Indian ink and Nile blue sulphate (II-NBS) [NL (HP)] in order to prevent light from penetrating to the pineal gland, and another group had their pineal glands surgically removed (pinealectomy, Px); the regenerative potentials were compared with their normal (NL) counterparts. Our results showed that the initiation and onset of regeneration, the daily growth rate, the total new growth (regenerate) produced at the end of regeneration and the total percentage replacement of the lost (autotomized) tails were significandy retarded in Px and NL (HP) animals, compared with the NL (unoperated and nonpainted) ones. Since pinealectomy as well as light deprivation to the pineal abolished the stimulatory influence of long-length photoperiods, the pineal gland is discussed here as a major transmitter of photic stimulus in lacertilian tail regeneration. It is presumed that in the lizard, as in mammals and some birds, the pineal gland acts by way of the neuroendocrine complex and/or the hypothalamohypophyseal axis.
Added by: Sarina  
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