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Rana, M. S., Cohen-Barnhouse, A. M., Lee, C. & Campbell, D. L. M. (2021) Preference testing for ultraviolet light spectrum and intensity in laying hens. Poultry Science, 101063. 
Added by: Sarina (23 Feb 2021 07:28:50 UTC)   Last edited by: Sarina (27 Apr 2021 07:51:08 UTC)
Resource type: Journal Article
ID no. (ISBN etc.): 0032-5791
BibTeX citation key: Rana2021
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Categories: Englisch = English
Keywords: Ultraviolett = Ultraviolet, Verhalten = Behaviour, Vögel = Birds
Creators: Campbell, Cohen-Barnhouse, Lee, Rana
Collection: Poultry Science
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Popularity index: 9.75%
ABSTRACT Sunlight intensity and ultraviolet (UV) radiation may affect free-range hens’ use of the outside range, particularly when sunlight is intense with a high UV index. However, it is uncertain what aspect of sunlight (brightness or UV) may be most aversive to the hens to discourage them from leaving standard indoor lighting conditions to venture outdoors. A controlled indoor-based choice study was conducted to determine whether hens showed preferences for different light wavelengths and intensities that may affect outdoor range usage. Cage-reared ISA-Brown laying hens (n = 84) at 44 weeks of age in 3 groups (28 hens/group) were tested for preferences of indoor standard LED-White light (control) versus one of three different lights: (i) visible spectrum plus infrared wavelengths (VIS); (ii) visible spectrum plus UVA wavelengths (UVA); and (iii) visible spectrum plus UVA and UVB wavelengths (UVA/B) presented successively at low, medium, or high levels of intensity. Hens within each group were individually tested for 2 h in an apparatus with two compartments (control vs treatment) connected by a tunnel on both sides. Videos of hens’ time spent in each compartment and behaviors were decoded and analysed using GLMMs. Hens spent more time under the low intensity of the UVA/B light treatment (62%), the low intensity of VIS light (61%), medium intensities of both UVA/B light (60%), and UVA light (59%), and the high intensity of the VIS light (58%) when compared to control light (all P < 0.05). Hens spent less time feeding under all intensities of UVA light (all P ≤ 0.03) and showed more foraging, ground pecking, and preening at lower levels of UVA/B lights (P < 0.05). The study suggests that UVA/B light (sunlight) may have positive effects for hen range use, but during peak sun intensities hens may need additional measures (e.g. shelter) to protect themselves. Confirmation of these findings in a free-range setting is needed.
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