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Kale, M. S., Dittmer, K. E., Roe, W. D. & Gartrell, B. D. (2017) Interspecies differences in plasma concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 and dermal Vitamin D synthesis of kiwi (Apteryx mantelli), tuatara (Sphenodon punctatus), and New Zealand sea lions (Phocarctos hookeri). Journal of Comparative Physiology B, 
Added by: Sarina (01 Aug 2017 11:26:48 UTC)   
Resource type: Journal Article
DOI: 10.1007/s00360-017-1117-2
ID no. (ISBN etc.): 1432-136X
BibTeX citation key: Kale2017
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Categories: Englisch = English
Creators: Dittmer, Gartrell, Kale, Roe
Collection: Journal of Comparative Physiology B
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Popularity index: 18%
Vitamin D plays a central role in calcium homeostasis of most vertebrates, and is obtained in different species through diet, dermal synthesis, or a combination of both. The aim of this study was to determine the predominant routes of Vitamin D synthesis in three disparate species, brown kiwi (Apteryx mantelli), tuatara (Sphenodon punctatus), and New Zealand sea lions (Phocarctos hookeri). We surveyed plasma concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D2 and D3, analysed environmental conditions and life history factors, and determined the ability of skin samples to synthesise Vitamin D3 on exposure to ultraviolet-B radiation. There was variation in the plasma/serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 concentrations between and within the species studied, with wild kiwi having the lowest concentrations and NZ sea lions the highest. Kiwi skin produced small but measurable amounts of Vitamin D3, while tuatara skin produced Vitamin D3 concentrations higher than that of kiwi. New Zealand sea lion skin produced the highest amount of Vitamin D3 and differed from the other two species in this study in that Vitamin D3 was present in skin before UV-B exposure. The results from this study show that all three species studied retained the ability to use both dietary and dermal sources of Vitamin D, although there was interspecies variation in the magnitude of dermal synthesis. Comparisons between these species show that there are differences in their Vitamin D pathways, but suggest that there are more factors contributing to these pathways than might be expected solely from life history characteristics.
Added by: Sarina  
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